Pharmacognosy & Nutritional Values of Tamarindus Indica

By: Pharma Tips | Views: 988 | Date: 12-Jun-2014

Tamarind pulp ocurrs as a reddish-brown,moist sticky mass,in which the yellow-brown fibers mentioned above are seen readily.Odour, pleaseant and fruity taste sweet and acid.

Pharmacognosy & Nutritional Values of Tamarindus Indica

Tamarindus indica and nutritional values of tamarindus indica

Botanical origin

Tarmarindus indica

Part used

The partially dried ripe fruit, deprived of the brittle outer portion of the pericarpand preserved in sugar or hot syrup.

Description

Tamarind pulp ocurrs as a reddish-brown,moist sticky mass,in which the yellow-brown fibers mentioned above are seen readily.Odour, pleaseant and fruity taste sweet and acid.

tamarindus indica tree.nutrition information

Nutritional Values

Food value(100g)   Flower                  Pulp           Leaves

Calories                  115                        —-              —–

Protien                   3.1g                        5.8g               0.5g

Fiber                       5.6g                       1.9g               1.5g

Carbohydrates        67.4g                      – – –                – – -

Calcuim                  35-170mg              101mg               36mg

Magnesiu               – – –                       71mg                  - – -

Phosphorous           54-110mg              140mg               46mg

Oxalic acid              traces                     196mg                – – -

potassium                 375mg                    – – -                – – -

 

Constituents

The pulp contains organic acids (about 10% of tartaric,citric and malic),their salts (about 8% of potassium hydrogen tartrate), a little nicotinic acid and about 30-40% of invert sugar.
Tartaric acid is synthesized in the actively metabolizing leaves of the plant and then translocated to the fruits as they develop.
Sugar is added to the manufactured pulp, to act as a preservative some what lowers the natural proportion of acids.
Flavonoid c-glycosides (vitexin,isovitexin,orientin and isoorieotin) occur in the leaves.
The fixed oil of the seeds contains a mixture of glycerides of saturated and unsaturated (oleic,linoleic) acids.

Uses of tamarindus indica

Tamarind pulp is a mild laxative and was formerly used in confection of senna.
It has traditional medicinal uses in W,Indies and the leaves have been suggest as commercial source of tartaric acid.

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