Pharma Tips

Oranges : Pharmacognosy & Medicinal Uses

By: Pharma Tips | Views: 2036 | Date: 09-Sep-2013

Oranges contain Vitamin B6, otherwise called “mood vitamin” as B6 acts in the brain to help produce serotonin and thus make us happier

Oranges : Pharmacognosy & Medicinal Uses

Oranges contain Vitamin B6, otherwise called “mood vitamin” as B6 acts in the brain to help produce serotonin and thus make us happier

Pharmacology & Biological Activities of Orange


Both bitter and sweet orange peels exhibit numerous distinct pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammatory (due to flavonoids, especially naringin), antibacterial and antifungal (flavonoids and pectin), antihypercholesterolemic in humans and laboratory animals due to the contained pectin (see pectin), and choleretic; among others. The ethnopharmacology and traditional uses of citrus products have recently been reviewed.

Citrantin is reported to have antifertility properties in rabbits when fed orally at a dose of 0.75 mg/kg/day.

Bitter orange, sweet orange, and neroli oils have been reported to exhibit antifungal and antibacterial activities in vitro (see lemon oil and pine needle oil). An emulsion of bitter orange oil exhibited antifungal activity against topical dermatophyte infection in humans (Tinea pedis, T. cruris, and T. corporis) with an 80% cure rate after 1–2 weeks of treatment. The oil of sweet orange, citral, and linalool were effective against some Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in vitro. 3-(4-Hydroxy-3-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-phenyl)-2(E)-propenal, a phenolic cinnamaldehyde found in wound gum from injured peels of C. sinensis, is antifungal against Penicillium digitatum and Cladosporium cucumerinum.

The volatile oil of sweet orange peel exhibited insecticidal activity against mosquito, housefly, and cockroach after 60 min of its application as a room spray.

The vitamins, flavonoids, and phenolic constituents of sweet orange peel and juice were found to possess antioxidant free radical scavenging activity.

Health benefits of Oranges

Health benefits of Oranges

Repair damaged sperm

Oranges, as we all know, are very rich in Vitamin C. Due to the presence  of Vitamin C  protect sperm from genetic damage that would otherwise causes birth defects.

 Improves Mood

orange improves mood

Oranges contain Vitamin B6, otherwise called “mood vitamin” as B6 acts in the brain to help produce serotonin and thus make us happier.

Strengthens Immune System

Polyphenols, a type of anti-oxidant, reduce swelling and effectively fight bacteria and other viruses.

Prevent High Blood Pressure

control high blood pressure

Try eating only oranges for a couple days, and stay hydrated. Orange contains potassium and is sodium-free making them the perfect support for our blood system. Salt from Processed foods should be removed and blood potassium rich fruits and vegetables increased, if you want to get rid of high blood pressure hypertension.

Constipation reliever

Constipation reliever

Oranges, as well as all other acid fruits have an alkaline effect in the digestive system, stimulating digestive juices and reducing constipation.

Prevents Arteriosclerosis

Arteriosclerosis is the hardening of the arteries. Vitamin C in oranges, if consumed regularly, slows this degenerative process.

Prevents Arteriosclerosis

Healthy Bones

Oranges are a great source of magnesium, a mineral required for the absorption of calcium in the body, thus helping to maintain and form healthy teeth and bones

Cancer Fighter

Citrus fruits contain substances called limonoids. Limonoids are cancer fighter, acting as an anti-oxidant preventing the break down of cell DNA.

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